Ladies and Gentlemen! Welcome to visit Xuzhou Han cultural attractions!
Xuzhou is the birthplace of Han Culture and the homeland of the Han Dynasty. During the entire 400 years of the Han Dynasty, Xuzhou had a special political and economic status, which has always been a famous historic al and cultural city with Two Hans cultures as its theme.
Xuzhou, named “Pengcheng” in ancient times, with 6000-year splendid culture.It has a 2500-year city building history, which is one of the seven historical and cultural cities of Jiangsu.
It is said that if you want to know about the culture of the Han Dynasty, you should come to Xuzhou to have a look. There are many famous tourist attractions in Xuzhou, among which the Han tombs, the Han Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses and the Han Stone Sculptures are known as the “Three Perfections of Han Dynasty”. Today, please follow me to visit them one by one...
On May 28, 2006, Xuzhou built a national 4A scenic spot on the basis of ancient Han culture and modern aesthetic factors. The scenic spot covers an area of 93.38 hectares, the first stage project covers 44.02 hectares.
Xuzhou Han culture scenic area is the largest, richest, and most powerful Han culture protection and exhibition base in Jiangsu province and even in the Huaihai Economic Zone. Its historical and cultural attractions and landscape scenery complement each other, creating a fine cultural tourism area with both human and nature, history and modernity coexisted .
Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to visit the Xuzhou Han Dynasty Terra-cotta Warriors Museum!
The Terracotta Warriors and Horses, discovered 300 meters away to the west of Chu King Mausoleum, represent the army forces protecting the tomb.
沙盘 (Sand table)
The Xuzhou Terra cotta Warriors and Horses of Han Dynasty, is another significant discovery after Xi’an Terracotta Warriors. As the funerary objects of Chu King, more than 4,000 pieces of the terracotta warriors and horses with vivid expression and bold outline have been unearthed. They are of high artistic value. This is a museum of relics excavated in 1984,housing six pits of terra cotta warriors and houses in an area of some 10,000 square metres. Clay figures of various forms are laid in an orderly manner inside six pits representing an underground army full of power and grandeur.
It has been archaeologically proved that the terra cotta warriors and horses were the funeral objects of Prince Liu Wu, the third prince of Chu State in the western Han Dynasty more than 2150 years ago. At that time, death was thought to lead to another life in a different world, so everything a person enjoyed in his life should be taken for use in the world to come. This is proved by the findings in Xuzhou’s Han Tombs where barns, kitchens, banks, music halls, saloons and even lavatories were excavated. According to the burial system of Han, only the people who had special merit with the emperor’s special permission can enjoy the accessory burial with terracotta worries and horses. Up to now, we only found 4 places of terracotta warriors and horses in China, they are in Yangjiawan in 1965,Xi’an in 1974,Xuzhou in 1984,and Xi’an Yangling in 1990. This fully shows that Xuzhou had a special status of policy and military power in the Western Han Dynasty.
文化土层(The cultural soil layer)
The uppermost part of the soil is light color, it is the surface we are living now, and the second brown part is the topsoil layer. 3 - 8 yellow parts is the Yellow River silt over years, the 9th layer is clay, and the bottom is raw soil, terra cotta warriors were buried here.
遗址大厅前言( preface --the site hall).
Ladies and gentlemen, in front of us is the site hall. Here are altogether 4 pits. These are the No 1 and No 2. The No 3 is in the scope that marked by white tiling. These three pits are the main troops of the terracotta figurines of Han in Xuzhou. No.4 pit is in the east side, representing the garrison troops. About 125 meters northwest from here, there are No 5 and No 6 pits. More than 200 pottery horses and cavalry figurines were buried there, representing service troops.
一号坑 (No. 1 Pit)
If you have been to Xi’an and visited the terracotta warriors and horses of Qin Dynasty, you are sure to appreciate the grant scene of the Qin figurines. Unlike the realistic Qin terra cotta warriors and horses in Xi’an, the Han terra cotta warriors and horses are the products of expressionistic art. Instead of precise scaling, the emphasis is on the emotion or the inner world each individual. Please look at the three warriors in the front, each have a different figure and facial expression indicating their ages and moods. On the right is a young strongly-built man, eager to establish himself. The one in the middle seems to be an experienced veteran, bending forward and narrowing his eyes. The one on the left was a
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